Literary Terms D, E, F, G

DEJAVA: A system of plot development which creates the future through anticipation and the past through memory.

DEUX EX MACHINA: A playwright who employs this technique to solves the dilemma of his characters by rescuing them from impossible circumstances using extra human device.

DIALOGUE: This is a common device that is used by a story teller or novelist OR it is one major narrative technique a novel shares with drama.

DICTION: This is the vocabulary language or choice of words of an author, it is the manner of expressing ones ideas using words

DIGRESSION: This is the insertion of material unrelated or distantly related to the specific subject under discussion in a given work.

DTI EMMA:  This is a situation whereby a person is faced with two dangerous situations between which he has to choose.

DIDACTIC POEM:  A didactic poem is one that seeks to teach or instruct people on the essence of morality. A didactic piece is one in which the writer teaches human lessons.

DITTY:  A little song – like poem

DRAMATIC IRONY:  The technique found in drama in which the audience knows what the actor does not know.

DRAMATIC POETRY:  This is a poem that uses characters and symbols to represent the speech and action of human beings.

ELEGY/DIRGE:  This is a song of sorrow, mourning.

ELLIPSIS: This has to do with grammatical structure where there is a deliberate omission of certain words.

EMOTIVE PROSE:  The motive of an emotive prose is to produce emotional effect on the reader.

EMPATHY:  is achieved when the audience vicariously participates in the stage experience

EMJAMBMENT:  This is also known as (run-on-lines). It occurs when the ideas in a line of verse move from one line to join the line that follows it. That is, the sense expressed is not complete until the next line.

ENVOI: This is the final stanza of a poem that is shorter than the preceding one.

EPIC: This is a long poem narrating the heroic deeds of a people

EPICEDIUM:  This is a funeral song or say song of mourning great men. Epic story that exalts a historical character

ET’IGRAM: It is used often to express ideas in a brief and memorable manner.

DENOTATION: This is the lexical or exact meaning of a word.

DENOUEMENT: A denouement in a play resolves conflicts.

EPILOGUE: A speech made at the end of a dramatic performance.

EPISODE: This is the division of events in a novel.

EPISTOLARY NARRATIVE METHOD: This is a letter writing method. EPISTOLARY NOVEL: This is a term used to describe a novel in which the narrative is carried forward by letters written by one or more of the characters.

EPISTROPHE : When successive clauses end with the same word.

EPITAPH: This is a poetic inscription written on a tomb. Literally, it means a poem written to express respect or disrespect.

EPITASIS: This is an action leading to catastrophe.

EPITHALAMIUM: A poem written to celebrate one’s wedding.’

EXPOSITION: This is the overall design of a drama to which all other components relate.

EUPHMISME: This is a deliberate act of expressing horror or unpleasantness in a mild way.

FANTASY: A work which takes place in a non – existent world or which concerns an incredible character.

FARCE: A humorous play based on an unrealistic situation in drama. It refers to a drama that has elements of the comic. Farce thrives on absurdity.

FEMININE RHYME: This is a two syllable rhyme.

FIGURE OF SPEECH This is a form of speech in which words are not used with their literal meaning.
Hash BACK in a literary work helps to fill the missing link. It is used to reveal to the readers past event which might have happened before the prevailing narration.

FORESHADOWING : The literary device which anticipates that an event will take place.

FREEVERSE: This is a composition which has no metre at all.
GHOST STORY: This is a story that is difficult to believe OR a story about ghost.
GREEN ROOM: This is the room where actors retire after their performance

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