Literary Terms: M, P, Q, R

MANOMETER: a line stanza.

MASCULINE: RHYME: This is a rhyme of one stressed syllable.

MELODRAMA: This is a theatrical performance in which the serious is treated in a satirical way

MELODRAMATIC: This is a play is based on melodious manipulations of events. METAPHOR: This is a device in which one thing is expressed under the name of another resembling it. It is an IMPLIED SIMILE.

METONYMY: This is a case in which one describes an object by using something closely associated with it or when an object or property is used to represent its user or its owner.

METRE: Metre occurs when a person voice goes up or down at regular intervals in the pronunciation of a word,

MIME: This is a type of play that is based purely on gesture without speech. OR it is a dramatic performance wherein the actions and events are conveyed through the use of’ movements.

MIMEACTOR: This is a person that performs in a humorous ways the actions or speech or gesture of another person.

MOCK-HEROIC: Poetry elevates trivial subject-matter by using the style of the classical epic.

MONODY: This is a poem of mourning or lamentation by one person.

MONOMETER: is a line repeated in the first syllable of a word MOOD/TONE: This is the state of mind of the author when making his composition. It depicts the state of mind or feelings of the poet. MOTIF: The term given to a type of incident or device, recurs frequently in Literature. A motif is reason behind a character’s behaviour.

MUSE: This is a kind of spirit which causes somebody to write or sing words.

NARRATIVE TECHNIQUE: This is the particular technique used by a prose
P
PALILLOGY: This is a repetition of a word or phrase.

PANEGYRIC: poem is composed to praise.

PARACROSTIC: This is a poem whose initial letters reproduce its first verse. PARADOX: This is a statement of fact or truth, which on the face of it may look contradictory, untrue or even absurd. It is usually used to attract attention and secure emphasis.

PARODY:  deliberate imitation of a literary style with the intention to ridicule. It is an insincere literary work.

PARTICIPANT: This is the first person in a narration.

PASTORAL: This is a poem that describes the picture of idealized rural or rustic life of people Or the form of poetry that celebrates with nostalgia the ideal world of the country side.

PATHETIC FALLACY: This is a commiseration with human beings in a state of grief or nature celebrating with human beings in a state of happiness.

PATHOS: That quality in a literary work, which evokes tenderness, pity or sorrow.

PERIPETEIA: An irredeemable reversal of the hero’s fortune in a tragedy.

PERSONA: refers to the image a character presents.

PERSONIFICATION: This is the idea of representing an object or an idea with a person or an action only capable of being done by a human being. It thus means the endowment of a non-living thing with human attributes.

PICARESQUE: A novel which focuses on the adventures of a rogue who does not change much in the course of the story OR A novel which depicts the adventures of the main character who is usually something of a rogue. The protagonist embarks on-a journey in a picaresque novel

PLAY WRITER: This refers to the writer of a play.

PLOT: This is the arrangement of events in a work of art.

POETIC LICENCE: This is the liberty, which the poet has to use language arbitrarily.

POINT OF VIEW: The literary term, which describes the angle at which a writer tells his story. OR it is a technique that is commonly associated with narrative structure.

PREMIER: This is the first public performance of a play.

PRIMARY BALLAD: is associated with rural folks.

PROLEPSIS: This is an anachronistic statement in which an event that had not taken place is treated as having taken place.

PROLOGUE: Prologue is a preface to a work of art.

PROMPTER: The person readily supplying forgotten lines to the actors on stage.

PROSODY: This is concerned with the form and analyses of the various elements of versification.

PROTAGONIST: This means the central character, a character that commands attention and whom the entire story centres around.

PROTHALAMION: This is a poem celebrating an impending marriage.

PROVERBS: Proverbs are wise sayings commonly used as to convey and to enrich their sentences.

PUN:  simply means playing upon words.
Q
QUATRAIN: a four line stanza OR it is the fourth line of a sonnet.
QUINTET: a five-line stanza

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