Literary Terms: R, S, T, V Z

REGULAR RHYTHM : When words or phrases in either poetry or prose rise and fail measured.

REPETITION: This is a rhetorical device reiterating a word or phrase to secure emphasis.

REVERIE: This is a situation of mental abstraction.

RHAPSODY: This is an expression of wild excitement or ecstatic feeling.

RHETORIC: This is the art of using words persuasively in speech and writing.
It involves a manner in which the listener would be persuaded to respond in the way the speaker wants.

RHETORICAL QUESTION: This is a question asked for literary effect in one’s writing or speech. It doesn’t’ require an answer.

RHYME: is the exact correspondence in sound or word-endings, usually at the end of poetry forming part of a stanza pattern.

RHYME SCHEME: This is a pattern generally produced at the end of lines of poetry when a poet uses rhyme.

RHYME ROYAL: This is stanza of seven iambic pentameters rhyming ab, ab, bee. RHYTHM This is the precise flow of metrical movement between sound and events.

ROMANCE: This is a story written either in verse or prose about wild and improbable adventures. The story could also be about nature.

ROMANTIC POETRY: emphasizes the beauty of nature.

RONDELET: This is a short poem usually with fourteen lines and two rhymes.

ROUND CHARACTER: In literature, a round character is associated with change and growth.

SARCASM: This is seemingly an ironical statement. ‘It’s a form of verbal irony in which under the guise of praise, a caustic bitter expression of strong and personal disapproval is given. .

SATIRE: This is a term used for a literary manner blending a critical attitude, humour and wit for the purpose of improving human institutions or humanity. A satire employs sarcasm and humour for social criticism.

SCRIPTS: This allows for a clear demarcation of plays into Acts and Scenes.

SENTENCE: is a unit of language that contains a subject a verb and an object.

SEPTET: a seven – line stanza

SETTING: This is the physical periodic background in which a particular work of literature is written. Or this refers to geographical areas or a place and the time when a play or story takes place.

SEXTENT: A six-line stanza

SIMILE: This is a direct comparison between two things of different nature or class but with a striking similarity in a particular aspect by the use of such words like “as” and “like”

SONNET: When a story is told in a song and passed down by word of mouth, it is called sonnet. A sonnet is a poem of fourteen lines

STAGE: A stage can be any raised portion above the seats of the audience in the theatre, auditorium etc.

STANZA: This is the division in the format pattern of poem. It is a group of lines or verse based on thought form or forming a definite pattern.

STEREOTYPIC CHARACTER: A character who remains unchanged in a work of art

STOCK CHARACTER: A character that heavily relies on cultural types for his manner of speech, his personality and other distinguishing characteristics

STREAM CONSCIOUSNESS: The writing convention in which the events in narrative are scrambled as they come to the writer’s mind without any attempt to arrange them in an orderly sequence. OR it is the name for a narrative mode that produces a character’s random thought and association.

SUB-PLOT: is secondary plot dealing with a differ theme.

SUBJECTIVE NARRATOR: The narrator in a prose work who is also a character.

SUSPENCE: This is the way an author of a novel sustains readers’ interest OR it is the arrangement of incidents in a novel in which one action precipitates another.

STYLE: This is the method employed by writer to present his views

SYLLABLE: This refers to a unit of sound

SYLLEPSIS: This figure bears a close resemblance with hendiadys but it means a figure by which a word performs a duty in sentence to two or more words but has a different sense in relation to each

TRAGIC CHARACTER: is the person whose experiences arouse pity and sympathy

TRAGIC FLAW: In drama this is a conspicuous weakness in the character of the protagonist contributing to his downfall. Refer to Hamartia

TRAGEDY: A creative process in which abstract entities such s virtues and vices are used with intended double meaning

TRIPOLET: A poem of eight lines with two rhymes containing eight syllables

TRIPLET: a three – line stanza

UNITIES When play that tells a single story, has one setting and takes places within a specified period is said to possess the unities. The three main unities in drama are those of action, time and place.

VAUDEVILLE: This is a theatrical or television variety entertainment with popular

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